Let’s play a little trivia. As you may know, there are a total of 206 bones in the adult human body. How many do you think are located in the two feet? If you guessed 52—or 26 in each foot—you are correct! It is pretty incredible that over 25% of the total bones in the body are found in a relatively small area. When combined with over 30 joints and more than 100 tendons, ligaments, and muscles, these bones help to balance and support the entire body.
Your footwear can be considered a first-line defense for your feet. Without proper care and protection, the delicate anatomy of your feet can be prone to irritation and discomfort. Orthotics are inserts you can add to a pair of shoes, but what should you look for when you buy shoes for the first time?
· Arch supports: Your arches are supposed to remain slightly elevated from the ground, but they can collapse under the weight of the body if they are not properly supported. Find shoes that work with the natural curve of the arch.
· Solid soles: When there is more material between your foot and the ground, more of the shock from each step is absorbed. This might help alleviate heel pain.
· Heel cups: Your heels are not exactly flat, but rather slightly rounded, so look for footwear that cradles and supports this shape. You will be more stable with each step you take.
· Metatarsal domes: The metatarsals are the bones that form the balls of your feet, and they form a slight arch. Like the arches, they are prone to collapsing if they are not supported, so a “dome” under the front of the foot will go a long way.
You may not be able to control your genes or avoid accidents, but you can prevent many common foot and ankle injuries by choosing the right footwear. If you suffer from hammertoes, bunions, or foot ulcers, the doctors at the Foot and Ankle Centers of North Houston will determine the exact treatment to fit your needs. If you have any questions, or if you would like to request an appointment at the office that is most convenient for you, contact us today at (281) 444-4114!